Sinyakova Maria

Spring 86x73 cm, canvas, oil
Date of Birth: 1890

Sinyakova-Urechina (maiden name Sinyakova) Maria was born in 1890 in the village of Chervona Polyana, Zmiiv district, Kharkiv province, in the family of a jeweler of church objects.

Sinyakova was the third oldest among five daughters. They were called the muses of Russian futurism: the sisters were acquainted with Mayakovsky and Pasternak, Khlebnikov and Aseev, Burlyuk and Bozhidar. Unlike her older sisters, Maria chose painting instead of music.


She studied at the Kharkiv City School of Drawing and Painting. In 1910-1911 Maria Sinyakova studied in the Kharkiv studio of E. Agafonov “Blue Lily”, focused on the aesthetics of modernism and symbolism.

Creative path

She was a member of the eponymous group of young Kharkiv avant-garde artists. In 1909, this group held an exhibition of the same name. At the same time, the Blue Eye Cabaret Theater was organized there, where plays by A. Blok, P. Potemkin, S. Gorodetsky, and others were staged, and art lectures were held.

She was a member of the Kharkiv art groups Vykus and Chortopolokh, one of the authors of the futuristic declaration Trumpet of the Martians (Kharkiv, 1916), and a member of the Union of Seven (Kharkiv, 1918). She took part in the futuristic edition “Liren”, illustrated the poetry of Grigory Petnikov, Alexei Kruchenykh, Mykola Aseev.

In 1910, with the assistance of David Burliuk, she visited Germany, where she exhibited her works in Munich together with Picasso and Kandinsky. In German museums she studied painting by German and Dutch old masters.

In 1913 Maria Mikhailovna went to Moscow with her two sisters, studied in the art studio of II Mashkova and FI Rerberg, and connects life with futurism.

In 1914 she married the artist Arseniy Moiseevich Urechin. Together with her husband she travels to Central Asia, gets acquainted with Mongolian art.

In 1914, the First World War began and Sinyakova returned from Moscow to Kharkiv, where he lived on his estate in the Red Meadow.

In 1922, the artist moved to Moscow forever. Begins to develop new strict forms in black and white graphics and book illustrations. She created a series of cartoon portraits of writers: Osip Brik, N. Aseev, V. Shklovsky, D. Petrovsky, V. Bryusov, A. Akhmatova, S. Esenin, Mayakovsky.

In the late 1920s and 1930s, the artist moved away from painting and engaged in artistic book design, including poetry for adults and children.

During the war, M. Sinyakova was evacuated and lived with Marina Tsvetaeva in the same house. From the works of 1940, few of her portraits and book illustrations to the ancient French epic “Song of Roland” (1943) have survived.

In 1952, Maria Sinyakova was expelled from the Artists’ Union for “crawling in front of Western art.”

In the 1950s, she had to earn a living by painting toys and drawing medicinal plants for reference.

In the 1970s, she took part in the dissident movement, which is why she was not very well received in artistic circles – even when futurism became fashionable.

Maria Mikhailovna Sinyakova-Urechina died on May 30, 1984 in Moscow at the age of 94.

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