Schultze Ivan

Winter sunset 54x64,8 cm, oil on canvas, 1919
About work

(Українська) Картина “Зимовий захід” звертається до живописної традиції вчителя К. Крижицького. Художнику вдалося побачити щось напрочуд гарне в повсякденному вечірньому зимовому заході.

Сніг починає сяяти, а дорога, протоптана в товстому шарі снігу, запрошує глядачів насолодитися свіжістю морозного зимового вечора. Художник повністю підпорядкував природу сонця, яке розфарбувало стовбури дерев в теплі багряні кольори і відкинуло на землю химерні легкі тіні. При цьому засніжені дерева виконані з майже фотографічною точністю, що надає їй природність. “Фотографічність” І. Шультце – це гідність, з якою він умів вкласти в картину щось живе, що привертає увагу.

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Ivan Fedorovich Schultze (1874-after 1937) – Russian landscape painter of the late XIX – early XX centuries. He was born in St. Petersburg. As a student of K. Kryzhitsky, I. Schultze always remained an adherent of the “pure” landscape, in which nature lives its own life, often completely independent of human participation in it.

The artist participated in exhibitions of the K.Ya. Kryzhitsky (The Society for Assistance to Needy Artists in memory of Academician K.Ya. Kryzhitsky existed in St. Petersburg in 1912-1917). He participated in exhibitions of the St. Petersburg Association of Artists in 1912-1917. and many others.

No matter what the artist paints, the dominant role for him has always been given to sunlight. The sun in I. Schultze’s paintings plays, sparkles, “seeps out” through the stockade of a sleeping winter forest, slightly “illuminates” nature or reigns, reigns infinitely, so that mighty trees are ready to blaze under its rays. Such a variety of sunlight made the artist a subtle observer, completely immersed in nature.

The painting “Winter Sunset” refers to the picturesque tradition of teacher K. Kryzhitsky. I. Schultze managed to see something surprisingly beautiful in the ordinary winter evening sunset. The snow begins to shine, and the road, trodden in a thick layer of snow, invites viewers to enjoy the freshness of a frosty winter evening. The artist completely subordinated nature to the sun, which painted tree trunks in warm crimson colors and cast quaint light shadows on the ground. At the same time, snow-covered trees are executed with almost photographic accuracy, but this does not in the least reduce the merits of the picture, but gives it naturalness. “Photographic” by I. Schultze is a virtue with which he was able to put something alive in the picture that attracted attention.

In the XX century. in painting, a new era of L.S. Bakst and K.A. Somova, M.V. Dobuzhinsky and V.E. Borisov-Musatov. I. Schultze continued the once chosen path in art, not paying any attention either to social upheavals, or to new trends in art, or to the development of technology. Unlike many of his contemporaries, I. Schultze never included any trains in his paintings, which was noted as a sign of time among many artists, starting with I. Levitan, A. Kiselev and ending with M. Germashev, or even any other signs of civilization .

In 1921, I. Schultze participated in exhibitions of individualist artists.

In the early 1920s, the artist left Russia and left for France, where his work developed with renewed vigor. It is known that he exhibited his works in the salon of French artists (1923-1924). He has held solo exhibitions in Paris (Gallery “Gerard”, 1923), London (galleries A. Thue, 1927 and E. Jonas, 1928), New York (gallery J…Levy, 1931) and Chicago (Gallery M. Field, 1933).

He traveled a lot and lived for a long time in England, USA. Abroad, the artist enjoyed some success at exhibitions. An enthusiastic review by AptNews magazine (Art News) gives us an idea of ​​what Schultze’s paintings attracted to the viewer: “Pictures of sunset and moonlight are almost better than nature itself. Although we know that transparent sparkling of light is achieved by applying oil paints, it’s still great the temptation to remove several paintings from the wall and make sure that they are not painted on glass. ”

The artist’s works are in numerous collections around the world, reflecting the beauty and pristine nature of his beloved nature.

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