Picasso Pablo

Tête d'homme 3 35x27 cm, oil on canvas, 1964

Picasso Pablo (1881-1973), French artist.

He studied painting first with his father H. Ruiz, then in the schools of fine arts: in A Coruña (1894–1895), Barcelona (1895) and Madrid (1897–98).

Since 1904, Picasso lived almost constantly in Paris. His first significant works date back to the 10th years. XX century The paintings of the “blue period” (1901-1904) were painted in the gloomy range of blue, blue and green tones.

In the works of the “pink period” (1905-1906), pink-golden and pink-gray shades prevail. Both cycles are devoted to the theme of the tragic loneliness of the blind, the poor, the vagabonds, the romantic life of wandering comedians (The Old Pauper with a Boy, 1903; The Girl on the Ball, 1905).

In 1907, Picasso created the painting Avignon Girls, which marked a decisive break with the realistic tradition and the transition to the camp of artists professing avant-garde.

Passion for African sculpture leads him to the founding of a new direction – Cubism. Picasso decomposes the object into composite geometric elements, operating with combinations of breaking planes and bulky volumes, turning reality into a game of abstract details (“Lady with a Fan”, 1909; portrait of A. Vollard, 1910).

Since the mid-10s. XX centuries he begins to experiment with textures, using pieces of newspaper, a piece of violin, etc. in the works. Collage “Bottle of an aperitif” (1913) and the composition “Three Musicians” (1921) complete the period of Cubism, and neoclassical art appears in Picasso’s work trends. This was reflected in such works as Three Women at the Source (1921), Mother and Child (1922), illustrations for Ovid’s Metamorphoses (1931), and the Sculptor’s Workshop series (1933) —1934). The neoclassicalism of Picasso is dominated by the mood of a fairytale idyll and the graphic elegance of lines.

In the 10-20s. XX century Picasso also creates many drawings that depict images of people from the people (“Fisherman”, 1918; “Resting Peasants”, 1919).

Since the second half of the 30s. echoes of modern events permeate his work more and more (“The Crying Woman”, 1937; “The Cat and the Bird”, 1939). In 1936-1939 Picasso became a prominent figure in the Popular Front in France, actively participating in the struggle of the Spanish people against fascism. At this time, the series “Dreams and Falsehood of General Franco” (1937) was born. An angry protest against fascist terror is the monumental panel “Guernica” (1937).

During the Second World War, Picasso remained in France occupied by Nazi forces and took part in the Resistance movement. In 1944, the artist joined the ranks of the French Communist Party. The post-war period was dominated by anti-war stories (“The Dove of Peace”, 1947; the panel “Peace” and “War”, 1952).

Since the second half of the 40s. Picasso’s work is becoming the most diverse. In addition to easel paintings, in which the artist returns to ancient motifs or mimics the paintings of old masters (for example, “Menins” by D. Velazquez), he also works as a sculptor (“A Man with a Lamb”, bronze, 1944), and a ceramist (about 2000 products), schedule.

In 1950, Picasso was elected to the World Peace Council.

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