Baranov-Rossine Vladimir

Landscape with scarlet and cactus, Corsica 50x73,5 cm, oil on canvas
Date of Birth: 1887

Vladimir Davidovich Baranov-Rossine, Jewish name – Shulim Wolf-Leib Baranov, pseudonym Daniel Rossine (1887-1944) – master of the Russian avant-garde, painter and sculptor.

In 1902-1908 he was educated as a teacher of drawing and painting at the Odessa Art School. In 1908 he entered the Higher School of Art at the Imperial Academy of Arts, but was expelled for not attending immediately after the first year.

In 1907-1910, together with Mikhail Larionov, Natalia Goncharova, David Burliuk, Alexandra Exter and other young artists, he participated in the first exhibitions of the Russian avant-garde: “Stefanos” (Moscow, 1907-1908), “Lanka” (Kiev, 1908), “Wreath-Stefanos” (St. Petersburg, 1909), “Impressionists” (St. Petersburg, Vilno, Berlin, 1909-1910).

In 1909-1910 he traveled throughout Europe and settled in Paris. He became friends with Marc Chagall, Osip Tsadkin, Alexander Arkhipenko, Jaime Sutin, Amedeo Modigliani, and became a resident of the famous Parisian house “Beehive”.

At this time, his friendship with Robert Delaunay and Sonia Delaunay began, and Baranov was fascinated by the idea of ​​expressing the dynamics of movement and musicality of rhythms through the “laws” of interpenetration of the primary colors of the spectrum.

He exhibited at the Autumn Salon, the Salon of Independents, as well as at exhibitions of avant-garde artists in Zurich and Amsterdam. At this time he takes the pseudonym Daniel Rossine. In the Salon of Independents he exhibited the first polychrome cubist sculptures. His sculpture “Symphony II” attracted general attention. The young artist was praised by Guillaume Apollinaire.

The paintings of the first Parisian period (1911-1914) are dominated by Cezanne landscapes (“Pink Castle”, early 1910s; “Town in Normandy”, 1912, both – a private collection; “Red Houses”, 1912, collection VV Tsarenkova, London), as well as compositions that testify to the mastery of the lessons of Cubism (“Still Life with a Chair”, 1911, private collection; “Forge”, 1911, Pompidou Center).

In the second Parisian period he did a lot of painting, creating abstract canvases consisting of biomorphic structures and numerous variations of the Mobius strip. A number of his paintings can be attributed to surreal abstraction. Along with painting, he makes polychrome abstract constructions from various materials (Polytechnic Sculpture, 1929).

During the First World War he lived in Norway, where the artist’s style was fully formed and where his first solo exhibition took place in Oslo (then – Christiania). The artist studies in depth the problems of synthesis of music and color, continuing the ideas of harpists. At this time he designed the “optophonic” (color music) piano and gave the first optophonic concerts in Christiania and Stockholm.

In 1943, he was arrested by the Gestapo and deported to Germany. V. Baranov-Rossinev died in the Auschwitz concentration camp (Auschwitz) in January 1944.

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