The collection presents the canvas “Apple Spas”. In this work we can see the typical of the artist’s subject – a good possession for a clear pattern of increased expression of consonance paints and “clean” impression of a certain state of nature and situation. An important advantage of painting the artist is a sort of decorative drawing. A subject of this painting was inspired by creativity of peredvizhniki (association of the moving exhibitions). Kolesnikov outlined the lonely wall, which is due to lilac-gray light and shade shines as the bright sun, including a variety of warm and cold colors. The characteristic way of the sunspots’ image is often found in the artist’s works, creating an impression of the “burning” painting effect. In the present work, to show typical sunny August day, artist has highlighted a bright spot of red scarf of the rural women choosing sale apples, reinforcing the bright sun light. The passing peasant clothes were painted schematically, as beautiful local spots, giving sonorous accent and brightness for colors.
Kolesnikov Stepan Fedorovich
(1879, village Andrianopol, Ekaterinoslavskaya region. – 1955, Belgrade)
Stepan Fedorovich Kolesnikov is famous Russian landscape painter, a painter of genre painting. Also he has written a lot of still lives, portraits and battle paintings, worked in the field of monumental painting.
He was born in a peasant family. In 1896, his pictures were taken for the Nizhny Novgorod exhibition, after which he was appointed by a scholarship from Zemstvos. In 1897, entered the Odessa Art College, where his tutor was K. Kostandi. Graduated in 1903 with the 1st grade, giving him the right to enter without the examination the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, where his tutor was A. Kiselev. Love of the colors of nature, its color perception Kolesnikov adopted from his teacher K. Kostandi. From the Odessa Art College of that time came many distinguished artists, including friends of Stepan Kolesnikov – Isaac Brodsky, David Burliuk and Mitrophan Martischenko. S. Kolesnikov was able to adequately replicate and build on the painting ideas of his mentor.
While studying at the Academy in 1905 for his picture “Spring” was awarded with the second prize at the Spring exhibition of the Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1909 his picture “The old Manor” Kolesnikov was entitled as the artist and received right to travel abroad.
About two years as a pensioner of Academy the artist was working in Germany, France, Belgium, visited Capri Island, where he met with A. M. Gorkiy. He has received the A. I. Kuindzhi prize of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts Award for several times. The artist worked long and fruitfully in Bessarabia, Podolskiy Carpathians, traveled to the Balkans, Bulgaria and Serbia, in 1913, he traveled on camels to Turkestan and China. Since 1910 he becomes a member of the “community of artists”.
Motifs depicting people in household and rural concerns were many varied in works of S. Kolesnikov. The artist was often painted fishermen, working human, rural genre scenes; display the poetic world of Ukrainian villages.
Magazines and newspapers of the time pointed out that S. Kolesnikov was not so much the landscape painter, but the genre-painter by the nature of his creativity. In 20s the artist had to leave Russia. He settled in Belgrade, where he taught painting in the Russian-Serbian grammar school, has worked fruitfully as scenographer at the National Theater, painted plafond of the main hall of the Public Theater, interiors of the hotel “Palace”, etc. The artist died in 1955 in Belgrade. Kolesnikov lived a long life of a famous artist and has left behind a great artistic heritage.
S. Kolesnikov enjoyed many subjects and themes. Artist in his typical style of realistic painting has been able to show the rural genre scenes, fishermen’s daily life, landscapes, filled with warmth and light and still-lives. By establishing his own scenic artist has emphasized the goal – his paintings are always recognizable.
One could envy the artist’s voluminosity (sometimes he brought to the exhibition about sixty paintings), his success and money well-being. Contemporaries noted the ability of Kolesnikov in selling of his products. His paintings were very well-sold. He even had his nickname “Paganini of twigs”, which is further indicative of his on popularity. Works by the artist are kept in numerous museum and private collections, in particular in the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum and many others.