Malyavin Filipp

Peasant Woman, Covering Her Mouth With A Shawl 153х104 сm, oil on canvas
About work

With insight into the nature and the essence of the image, the challenge is written a girl in strict black scarf depicted in the picture presented in this collection. With the characteristic of almost all portraits of Malyavin simplicity and integrity of the composition immediacy in the transfer appears to shape the decision of the portrait of a special and unexpected. “Peasant woman, covering her mouth with a shawl” is the work of great psychological depth of content and realism. Taste the beauty of color sounds understanding of the importance of color in painting, from the peculiar nature of Malyavin, and revealed in this painting directly in a simple color. In this portrait, all built on the expression of large and complicated design of planes. Clothes of the woman painted with shades of yellow, red, brown, green and put on the top of dark penciling. Only a true master colorist was able to see and convey such rich shades of the color game. The artist possessed a remarkable ability to understand the nature of life, the image depth image, and find for each portrait its fine form.

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Malyavin Philippe Andreevich
(1869, village Kazanki, Samarskaya region -1940, Nice)

Philippe Andreevich Malyavin brings tremendous value to the area of picturesque for the art of late XIX – early XX, enriching Russian painting with flavor richness, great creative heat of works, with the freshness and the strength of peasant images, unique paintings and graphics style that made his work unique in the art of his era.

The artist came from the large and poor peasant family. His artistic training began in 1885 in the Russian monastery of St.Panteleimon on Athos, where he studied icon painting. Later, with the help of sculptor V. A. Beklemishev in 1892 he has entered the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, where he studied at the P. Chistyakov. From 1894 to 1899 he studied at the Higher Art School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts – in the studio of I. Repin. In 1899 the artist created the contest (graduating) picture “Laugh”. The piece was rejected by the Council of the Imperial Academy of Arts. Only through the application of I. Repin and V. Mate F. Malyavin received the title of artist for his portraits without travel abroad. However, the failure of the exhaust was a temporary, one year later the picture “Laugh” was awarded with the gold medal at the World Exhibition in Paris, and in 1901 acquired the collection of the International Gallery of Modern Art in Venice. Malyavin gained European fame, and, inspired by success, has created a series of paintings depicting Russian peasant.

The painter has exhibited at many different associations: the Association of traveling art exhibitions, “World of Art”, the Berlin Secession. And since 1903, Malyavin has become a permanent member and exponentials of the Union of Russian Artists.

In 1900 and 1906 the artist traveled to Paris, and in 1906 exhibited at the Autumn salon. In the same year he was awarded the title of academician.

After the 1917 revolution, Malyavin worked in Ryazan Commissioner of Education, participated in the creation of the urban art gallery, studio painting, protected of ancient monuments, was one of the leaders of Ryazan State of free art workshops.

Since 1922, the artist had left Russia and traveled through Berlin to France. Many worked a lot in Paris and Malm, and in Nice. In 1924 has been successfully hosted the exhibition of the artist at Charpentier Gallery in Paris. In the emigration the picturesque style of Malyavin did not changed a lot. The artist continued to write powerful and emotional images of the Russian peasant. His 1920’s – 1930’s, as well as earlier works of the 1890’s – 1910’s, has unusual richness and decorative color. Over the years palette of Malyavin has almost no change through which his work is easily recognizable. However, the artist has been repeatedly criticized for the fact that in his later works, in fact, repeating himself, “Russian” motivations for European visitors and collectors. Living in France Malyavin often organized his own exhibitions in different European countries.

During the Second World War Malyavin appears in Brussels at a time when the fascists take over Belgium. The occupation authorities detained the artist and charged with espionage, but later released. Malyavin reached Nice by foot. It has undermined his incredible life force. The artist died on December 23, 1940 in Nice.

Malyavin has left a great legacy of painting. His creativity is one of the most prominent phenomena of art late XIX – early XX century. Like every great artist he has a world of images, its unique vivid figurative language. In his paintings he created for a broad scope, many-faced gallery of folk peasant types. The works of the artist is stored not only in Russia but also in foreign museums and private collections, including the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkin Museum, State Russian Museum and Research Museum of Russian Art Academy in St. Petersburg (mostly there are paintings of 1890’s – early 1920’s, i.e. before-emigrational period). Biggest part of the heritage is in private collections abroad, especially in the collection of son-in-law of Malyavin – Parisian artist L. M. Benatov.

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