(Українська) Жіночі портрети завжди займали важливе місце в творчості художника і вдавалися йому особливо. Блискуче передана обстановка, наряди, тканини, хутро та прикраси грали важливу роль в створенні образів. Свобода, барвистість і розкутість мазка, різноманітна фактура живопису стали характерними особливостями робіт художника. Не виключенням є портрет Марії Маковської, представлений в даній колекції. Художник створив образ близької йому людини, наповненої ліричними і ніжними почуттями. Даному полотну притаманні вишуканість і легкість, сміливість і рухливість пензля, а також свіжість сприйняття образу.
Makovsky Konstantin Egorovich
(1839, Moscow – 1913, Petrograd)
“I have not hidden my talent given by God in a napkin, but I also have not use it insofar as I would be able. I loved the life too much and this pretended to give myself up to art completely”, K. E. Makovsky.
Konstantin Egorovich lived a long interesting life of the well- known artist. Had early defined with his life way, he successfully made a career of not only sought-after and popular portraitist, but as a fine master of grandiose “boyar” and so-called “pseudo-russian” themes. These paintings of the master were willingly bought by domestic and foreign collectors. As a result a lot of works of the artist are held in private collections of the different countries of the world. K. Makovsky is also known for the colourful scenes on a theme of Russian folktale. For example the picture “Mermaid” was bought by Emperor Alexander II for Hermitage collection. Besides this genre the artist worked at oriental scenes and painted decorative panels, which adorn grandiose palace interiors up till now.
Konstantin Makovsky was born in Moscow in the family of the painter, E.I. Makovsky, in 1839. He is a brother of artists Vladimir, Nikolay and Alexandra, the famous landscape painter. Also K. Makovsky had a sister Maria who is shown on this portrait; she was a singer.
The attention to K. Makovsky from Emperor Alexander II at the beginning of his career of an artist enabled a quick popularity of the painter. His famous studio at Palace Square was very popular among aristocracy and upper bourgeoisie He painted portraits of the most known high-society person of that time.
Portraits of women bulked large in his creation and he was at his best in them. Brilliantly painted scenery, costumes, clothes furs and jewelry played an important role in the creation of characters. The liberty, colourful and uninhibited dabs, and a various texture of the painting became a unique feature of artist’s works.
Konstantin Makovsky was forced to quit the Petersburg Academy of Arts, sided with the participants of “plot of fourteen”, who deprecated against the conservative teaching system. But soon after this he became a member of a co-operative (artel) of artists, led by I. N. Kramskoy. In 1867 he took rank of academician for the paintings “Herring-seller”, “The Poor Children” and for the portraits of K. P. Kaufmann and P. I. Rokachevskogo, and two years later he became a professor.
At the World’s Fair of 1889 in Paris he received the Large Gold Medal and the award of Legion of Honour for his painting “Death of Ivan the Terrible”.
The artist were was traveling about the Middle East, Serbia, Egypt and these journeys gave him an inspiration for his oriental paintings, which show life exotic and ethnic flavour of eastern people. These paintings are made with an ethnic exactness and filled with a brightness of exotic characters. Also the artist visited Germany, Italy, France and USA. Particularly in USA he caused a furor with his paintings, and namely with portraits. During the audience the president of USA Theodore Roosevelt agreed sitting for his first president’s portrait, which a lot of American artists tried useless to paint.