(Українська) У представленій роботі “Міська вулиця” Абрам Маневич звертається до свого улюбленого сюжету – міського пейзажу.
Художник за допомогою насичених, напружених червоно-вохристих кольорів створює образ міста зі своєю зимовою задумливо-мрійливою красою. Таким чином, пейзаж несе в собі іншу енергетику. З полотен навмисно зникають дерева, натовпу перехожих, а з ними і шум жвавих вулиць. І тільки самотня постать перехожого зупинилася біля вітрини кафе, спостерігаючи за тим, що відбувається в теплому і затишному приміщенні.
Abram Anshelovich Manevich (1881-1942) is one of the most interesting and significant painters who stood at the origins of Ukrainian culture of the 20th century. In his early work, he was an adherent of an intimate lyrical landscape, described the life of Jewish towns in Russia. In the 1910s, after being abroad, the artist’s manner underwent changes. The soft, chamber nature of the landscapes gave way to a bright saturated palette, a wide free brushstroke. After emigration, from the mid-1920s he wrote mainly views of the American province. He also worked as a genre painter and portrait painter.
Abram Manevich was born and raised in the city of Mstislavl. In 1903 he entered the Kiev Art College, studied with N.I. Goosebumps. In 1905 he left for Munich, continued his education at the Munich Academy of Arts and A. Ashbe School.
In 1907, the first solo exhibition of young A. Manevich took place at the Kunst-Verein Gallery in Munich. An already established master in 1907, he returned to Kiev, where two years later a large personal exhibition of the artist was held at the Kiev Art Museum, which was later shown in Odessa and Kharkov.
The year 1913 was especially successful for Abram Manevich. In Paris, in the prestigious gallery of Duran Ruelle – the discoverer of almost all the famous impressionists, an exhibition of his works was held. The spoiled Parisian public, accustomed to see the paintings of Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Cezanne, Gauguin in these halls, was delighted with the landscapes of an unknown Kiev painter. European fame comes to the artist. He is offered to arrange exhibitions in London and New York, however A. Manevich returns to Kiev. Painting is getting tougher. Manevich is moving away from plein air, moving right up to the development of an emphasized decorative picture plane.
The October Revolution of 1917 found A. Manevich in Moscow. At the end of the year, the artist returned to Kiev and took the post of professor of landscape painting of the newly created Ukrainian Academy of Arts, the founders of which were A. Murashko, F. Krichevsky, G. Narbut, N. Burachek.
In 1919, during the Tripoli tragedy, the artist’s son was killed. Shocked by this death and the chaos reigning around, A. Manevich with his family – his wife and two daughters – went abroad. He never returned to Ukraine. In Minsk, Warsaw, London, the artist in 1922 gets to New York. Not far from A. Manevich, the world famous cubic futurist David Burliuk rented an apartment. Their families were very friendly.
In the mid-1920s, Abram Manevich gained recognition in the New World, solo exhibitions were successfully held in Philadelphia (1923), New York (1924, 1925, 1927, 1932), Chicago (1926 ), Montreal (1930), Boston (1934), Toronto (1938). In 1925, the master exhibited his work at the International Exhibition of Painting in Pittsburgh. One of the loyal admirers of his talent is Albert Einstein.
In the presented work “City Street”, Abram Manevich refers to his favorite plot – the urban landscape. The artist with the help of rich, intense red-ocher colors creates the image of the city with its winter pensive and dreamy beauty. Thus, the landscape carries a different energy. Trees, crowds of passers-by, and with them the noise of busy streets, intentionally disappear from the canvases. And only a lonely figure of a passerby stopped at a cafe window, watching what was happening in a warm and comfortable room.
A. Manevich’s work is represented in many private and museum collections around the world, including the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, the State Russian Museum, the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, and the Kiev Museum of Russian Art