Turzhansky Leonid

Rural landscape 57,2x118,1 cm, oil on canvas, 1917
About work

(Українська) Картина Л.В. Туржанського “Сільський пейзаж”, датована 1917 написана, як і більшість пейзажів цього автора, на Уралі, куди художник щовесни приїжджав працювати. Постійним джерелом творчого натхнення для художника була природа рідного Уралу. Ця робота передає чарівність буденного життя уральських сіл. Художник любив зображати мирне життя землі, тишу, в якій чуються звичні сільські звуки.

Л.В. Туржанський цінував силу першого враження, писав картини “на одному диханні”, без попередніх етюдів. Вишукана простота його робіт – результат суворого відбору, узагальнення.

У пейзажі Л.В. Туржанський завжди прагнув до підвищеної виразності форм, обсягу, простору. Картини Л.В. Туржанського небагатослівні, нехитрі, позбавлені будь-яких ефектів, прості і цілісні за композицією. Головний зміст його полотен закладено в колористичному рішенні. Природжений живописець, він мислить і відчуває кольором, причому його гамма побудована не на багатстві палітри, а на взаєминах кольорів. У картинах майстра переважають насичені “земляні” тони – червоно-коричневі, зелено-жовті.

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Turzhansky Leonard (Leonid) Viktorovich (1874-1945) – one of the most significant Russian painters of the first half of the XX century, continuing in his work the traditions of the Russian landscape school.

L.V. Turzhansky was born in the Urals, in an intelligent family of head physician of the Yekaterinburg plants Viktor Andreevich Turzhansky. From a young age he became interested in painting, and the question of choosing a life path was resolved unambiguously. Since 1889 he received his initial art education at the Alekseevsky Real School with A.M. Pisarev, while taking private lessons from the artist N.M. Metatarsus. In 1895 he moved to Petersburg, where he visited the private workshop of L.E. Dmitriev-Kavkazsky and at the same time studied at the Central School of Technical Drawing, Baron A.L. Stieglitz. In 1896 he moved to Moscow, where until 1897 he studied at the Stroganov Art and Industrial College. Then L.V. Turzhansky entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in 1898, where he studied with V.N. Baksheev, A.M. Vasnetsova, A.S. Stepanova, V.A. Serova, K.A. Korovin. For drawing and sketch from nature, he was awarded silver medals. In 1903 and 1905 made trips to the North along Sukhon, the Northern Dvina and the Kola Peninsula. In 1907, L. Turzhansky was released from the School with the title of “non-class” (free) artist, but continued to study there for another two years.

Since 1904, he regularly participated in exhibitions and in 1911 became a member of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. From 1912 to 1913 – member of the Union of Russian Artists. In 1919, he taught at the Yekaterinburg School of Industrial Art and took part in the festive decoration of the city on the anniversary of the October Revolution. In 1920 he moved to Moscow, participated in exhibitions of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, the Union of Moscow Artists (1936.1939), and in foreign exhibitions.

In 1937 and 1941 in Moscow there were personal exhibitions of works by L. Turzhansky. During the Great Patriotic War he was evacuated in 1941-1942. He lived in the North Caucasus (Nalchik, Dolinsk, Tbilisi), in 1942-1943. – in the village of Maly Istok. In 1943 he returned to Moscow, where in 1945 he died as a result of hunger and illness.

Painting L.V. Turzhansky “Rural landscape”, dated 1917, painted, like most landscapes of this author, in the Urals in the village of Maly Istok (near Yekaterinburg), where the artist came to work every spring. A constant source of creative inspiration for the artist was the nature of his native Urals. This work conveys the charm of everyday life of the Ural villages. The artist liked to depict the peaceful life of the earth, the silence in which the usual rustic sounds are heard. L.V. Turzhansky appreciated the power of the first impression, painted “in one breath”, without preliminary studies. The refined simplicity of his work is the result of rigorous selection, generalization. In the landscape of L.V. Turzhansky always strove for increased expressiveness of forms, volume, space. Pictures L.V. Turzhansky is laconic, unsophisticated, devoid of any effects, simple and whole in composition. The main content of his paintings is embedded in the coloristic decision. A born painter, he thinks and feels with color, and his gamut is built not on the richness of the palette, but on the relationship of colors. The master’s paintings are dominated by saturated earthy tones – red-brown, green-yellow.

The contribution of Leonid Viktorovich Turzhansky to the development of Russian painting and especially the landscape is undeniable. Creatively connected with traditions, he at the same time more resolutely than any of the masters of the Union of Russian Artists enriched them with new techniques of pictorial generalization.

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