Glushchenko Mykola

Trees by the lake 67,5x100,5 cm, canvas, oil, xx century

Since 1925, Glushchenko (1901-1977) lived in Paris. It was an interesting time searching for new ways in art, capturing many European artists working in Paris. Glushchenko took an active part in the artistic life of the French capital, exhibiting at numerous exhibitions. Having absorbed and rethought the achievements of the Impressionists, the artist begins to create his own works in his own way, after which the color of his work has a powerful emotional effect. Glushchenko goes from mechanical mixing of paints to a separate smear, that is, to optical mixing. The colors at the same time become “airy”, light, less material.

The painting “Still Life with Violets” was painted in oil on cardboard in the 1970s. In the late 60s – early 70s, the color and compositional decisions of Glushchenko are based on combinations of bright pink, orange and black, dark green, red and yellow. Nevertheless, the color structure of N. Glushchenko’s paintings remains unchanged, only the ratio of color and light changes. Color is a carrier of light. In his landscapes and still lifes of this period, the inner freedom of the artist is felt. Despite the complexity of the painting technique, the canvases convey, first of all, simplicity and lightness, and the color is universal, penetrating the air environment, light.

The manner of mature years of the artist N. Glushchenko is distinguished not only by landscape compositions and the vivid flavor of still lifes. This is frankly bold work, with mood and design. The master uses variety and experiments with various techniques: oil painting and watercolor, ink and color markers. In the 1970s, the artist was fond of the technique of monotype and created in it a number of beautiful floral still lifes.

Glushchenko is a famous Ukrainian painter who masterfully combined the trends of European and Ukrainian impressionism with national color. People’s Artist of the USSR, People’s Artist of Ukraine.

Born in Novomoskovsk, Dnipropetrovsk region, studied at the School-Studio of Hans Balushek in Berlin. In the years 1920-24. studied at the Berlin higher school of fine arts. In 1925 he moved to Paris, where he was influenced by the French Impressionists: K Monet, E. Degas, A. Matisse, Van Gogh.

He created portraits of Romain Roland and Henri Barbusse, etc .; designed the Soviet pavilion of the Lyon Fair. By the beginning of the 1930s, the creative appearance of N. Glushchenko was finally formed; he appeared as a talented master with his own original face. Impressionism, a subtle sense of decorative expressiveness of color and freedom of expression are inherent in his painting. In 1934, the artist made a creative trip to Spain to the Balearic Islands and to Mallorca.

In 1936 he returned to Moscow, and in 1944 he moved to Kiev. N. Glushchenko worked in various painting genres, but his favorite theme was landscape. Such, for example, is the early series “Berlin Studies” (1939), cycles of documentary landscapes of post-war Kiev (1944), paintings: “March on the Dnieper” (1947), “Kiev Autumn” (1950), “Thaw” ( 1956), “Winter Sun” (1956), “Spring in the Carpathians” (1957), “Spring near Kiev” (1961), “May Color” (1971), “May”, “The Sun at Sea “(1974), cycles of landscapes from travels in Italy, France, Belgium, Switzerland and many others. For more than thirty years, the creative activity of Nikolai Petrovich Glushchenko has been directly related to Ukraine. The bewitching beauty of his native land, the work of people were a constant and powerful source of his inspiration. He devoted many paintings, sketches, drawings to his native nature, its enchanting unique beauty. His work was appreciated and recognized.

N. Glushchenko writes his favorite Crimean motif “Surf” in 1971. The restless blue evening is writing, but it seems that a miracle is being performed: familiar, recognizable places are fantastically transformed. Color combinations are interpreted as plan relationships. In a carefully thought-out game of color spots, planes, surfaces, a new space arises that is not identical to the genuine space with its real coordinates. Nevertheless, in the painting “Surf” presented in the collection, the natural world performed by N. Glushchenko is very contrasting. The paint is laid densely, pasty, forming a rough texture in the tubercles. It gives something an enduring, monumental and thorough picture of nature, full of lyrical and dramatic movement. Everything in the landscape moves, changes order. Bright blue skies give life to pink clouds. Painting N. Glushchenko embodies not only the life of spatial forms, but also the movement of time.

The artist died in Kiev, but his creations are always alive, relevant, and priceless, as they carry a picturesque beauty and inspiration. The master’s paintings are in many Ukrainian and foreign museums and private collections.

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